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Species: Paper Birch

Scientific Name: Betula Papyrifera

Classification: Deciduous Tree



Description: The Paper Birch, also known as the white Birch, Silver Birch or Canoe Birch is a medium sized tree with a relative short lifespan of 100-140 years, generally reaches heights of 40-60 feet when mature. The species is very adaptable and is found in many parts of North America, from Alaska to New Foundland, Canada, but more commonly found in the western sections of North America. It was traditionally heavily used by Native Americans for Canoe building and many other purposes. Leaves are egg-shaped, generally 3-3 1/2 inches in length. Both male catkins and female flows appear on the tree in spring, with the female flowers developing into cones which drop in the fall months. The bark is distinct, ranging from reddish brown to white in color, mottled in appearance, with paper thin strips which peel off, revealing a reddish colored inner bark which eventually turn a dark black with age. In the wild, paper birch trees are found in both mixed forests as well as in pure stands, adaptable to a wide range of soil types and able to withstand wide variances in temperature and humidity as well as annual rainfall. As such it can naturally be found in a wide range of areas from open disturbed clearcut areas to foot hills, mountain slopes, areas of rockslides as well as bordering swamps and other wetlands.

Site Conditions: The Paper Birch is adaptable to a range of soil types, but generally prefers moist type, well drained soils. It prefers full sun exposure and is generally not able to tolerate more than subtle shade conditions.

Stock: This species is in stock and available for pickup at our Arlington, WA location or available for delivery

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