Cascara, also known as Cascara Buckthorn and Chittam, is a smaller deciduous tree that can often achieve a height if 30 feet when mature. It is native to Western North America including British Columbia, Washington State, Idaho, Montana as well as Oregon and California. In Southern California, it generally grows no larger than a small shrub. The species can be more accurately described as semi-deciduous, as itís leaves will many times remain intact during mild winters or in warmer climates such as Southern Oregon and California. Its branches bear large leaves, 5-6 inches in length which grown in an alternating pattern along the limb. Leaves appear bright green in the spring and early summer, turning a bright yellow and sometimes orange and red during fall months. In spring months, greenish-white flowers appear, which grow in clusters, which small berries which change from red to deep purple and black as they mature. In the wild, the species is slower growing than other species of trees and as such as mostly common to areas that are too exposed for other species of tree to growm such as inland valleys and foothills, rocky ridges and South-facing slopes and plateaus. In the wild, it is most common on disturbed sites, such as clearcuts as well as in the understories of coniferous and western hardwood forests.
The Cascara is tolerant of different soil types including sandy type soil. It prefers wet soil but is tolerant of drier soil. It is tolerant of season flooding. It prefers full sun exposure but is tolerant to partial shade conditions.
This species is in stock and available for pickup at our Arlington, WA location or available for delivery