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Species: Black Cottonwood

Scientific Name: Populus Trichocarpa

Classification: Deciduous Tree



Description: The Black Cottonwood, also commonly known as the Balsam Poplar is one of the largest of the North American popular species, often reaching heights in upwards of 150 feet or more. It is native to the West Coast of North America, from Alaska and Yukon to British Columbia, Alberta, as well as Washington State, Oregon, Idaho, Montana and parts of Nevada. The bark of the species ranges from grey to brown in color, with textured ridges. Branches develop with alternating leaves, 3-5 inches in length. Male and female catkins develop on independent trees, generally beginning to flow in the spring after the tree reaches 10 years of age. Female catkins develop into large amounts of silky tufts which resemble cotton and become airborne in the late summer to fall months. The species can become somewhat drought tolerant once established, but generally is not but is very tolerant to seasonal flooding. In the wild, it is commonly found in areas of mixed coniferous forests as well as bordering rivers and creeks as its strong roots make effect soil stablizers.

Site Conditions: The Black Cottonwood is adaptable to different soil types. It prefers wet soil but is tolerant of moist conditions. It does not tolerate standing water conditions. The species prefers full sun but it is tolerant to partial shade conditions.

Stock: This species is in stock and available for pickup at our Arlington, WA location or available for delivery

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